Parenting is very important in the life of any child. Parenting style is the way in which parents exercise control over their children. Parenting styles are determinants of children’s psychological outcomes. This is because it helps children cope up with environments of stress and trauma. The type of parenting style used and their effects may vary across cultures. In Arab countries, parenting is a collective activity that involves the input of authority and adult figures.
In this article, we are going to discuss the موقع زواج اسلامي and relationships between the three styles of Arab parenting as well as how they affect the mental health of children.
Family values are very crucial in the Arab communities. The father is considered the larger authority figure and makes most of the decisions. This is because the family lineage and inheritance are traced through the male line.
Arabs practice the patriarchal social structure where boys are taught to protect their sister’s right from a young age. While fathers govern the family’s affairs and work to earn money, women raise children and inspire traditional values in them.
Societies that practice patrilineal and patriarchal systems tend to favor the male child than the female child. They believe that assigning a social status to men will greatly contribute to the family’s economic stability and future security.
In the past years, researchers have increasingly studied the relations of parental styles to children’s characteristics. The Parental Authority Questionnaire was conducted to examine the parental styles and psychological adjustments in children. The 30-question test asked children to examine their parent’s disciplinary methods.
Parenting style may differ from cultures and the gender of the children. The three most used parenting styles used include authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive. According to research done, it was found that parenting styles influenced the children’s psychological distress of Arab children. It was determined that Lebanon used a westernized approach of parenting, while Palestine, Egyptians, and Algerians used the authoritarian and permissive parenting styles in equal measures.
Another Arabic Parenting Style Questionnaire was done to determine parent-child relationships. In the study, individuals who had reported to have experienced abusive parenting showed a decreased wellbeing into adulthood.
In the Arab community, the parenting styles are influenced by factors such as sibling order. For instance, firstborn children endure more permissive styles of parenting than other children. They are treated with more gentleness and attention than their later siblings. Basically, Arab youths are more content with the aggressive, authoritative parenting styles than children from Western countries.
This is where children are expected to obey the authority figure which is their parents. While authoritarian parenting has been associated with mental health issues in Western Countries, that is not the case with Arab countries. In fact, it is the norm in all cultures and is believed to lead to better mental health care.
Additionally, the parenting style is also dependent on gender. Sex comparison shows that parents exercise authoritative parenting style on girls and less authoritarian parenting on boys. For these reasons, girls tend to suffer more from an anxiety disorder, identity disorder, and depression than boys. Boys on the other hand scored more on behavior disorder. This is probably the reason why dating Arab women online can be at times difficult.
It is vital to note that authoritative or authoritarian parenting differs from abusive parenting which is characterized by harsh methods of correction. In traditional Arab countries, it involves physical abuse (punishment), verbal abuse (criticism) and lack of encouragement. When a study was done, 67.5% of Saudi college women reported that physical punishment was a norm for their parents.
Parental Affection and Involvement
Research shows that parental involvement contributes highly to the child’s emotional development. The level of closeness differs with the mothers and fathers. While mothers are generally close to both children, fathers are reported to be closer to their sons than their daughters. Their closeness also affects their level of affection. Arab parents tend to express their love by providing protection, food, money, education and other resources.
They also express this through gestures where they get involved in the children’s life. This includes talking, doing school work together, leisure activities, walking and many more. Studies, however, show that boys receive more interactive attention from their parents than girls.
Parenting styles different across the world and they are very diverse across religions and cultures. The authoritative style of parenting is more accepted in the Arab countries than in Western countries. Fathers are the authority figure of homes and their relationship with that of their children commands respect and not fear.